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11. The OPTIMAL Model for Motor Learning & High Performance - FR 1

EWS presents the 'Optimizing Performance Through Intrinsic Motivation and Attention for Learning' Model.

Season 1, episode 12
42 min / Published

Bringing the best from Science 👩‍🔬 to Sporting fields, EWS presents here the 'Optimizing Performance Through Intrinsic Motivation and Attention for Learning' Model.

 Have you ever felt you get to a plateau in your level in sports? Would you like to actualize or improve your accuracy in some shots? Maybe you get stuck in some technical execution some time. Or further yet, maybe you are starting to learn a new skill that you find is out of your reach…

 This is an in-depth episode about the OPTIMAL Model that strikes upon characteristics which are relevant for anyone's practice - in the development of whatever skills.

 We get it well structured, pointing out to its main 3 components (Motivational, Autonomy, and Attentional factors). 

 With gems included for athletes to apply in further practices in the domains they most need in their sport, both Physically and Psychologically speaking! 

 Also for coaches, that may now follow some guidelines to better assist their athletes in training. With an emphasis on the relational aspect, and what should (and shouldn't) be promoted.



 “Prospectively, expectancies for personal performance appear to serve a task-readying function. We would be merely reactive, and not proactive, without predictive and probability based mechanisms that prepare us for action”

 “People who believe that (motor) abilities are relatively fixed (so-called entity theorists), tend to be more concerned with proving their ability, and they perceive errors or negative feedback as a threat to the self, because they reveal a limited capacity or lack of ability."

 "Its motor system seems to “know” what it has to do to achieve the desired outcome --- It is hard to imagine other animals moving affirmatively for food or survival with a constant internal conversation regarding how to move their limbs most effectively."



  • What About OPTIMAL - 1:40
  • Highlights - (03:57)
  • The Layout of the 3 Components - (05:15)
  • Beyond Psychological Aspects - (10:53)
  • Short Pieces of Evidence (On Feedbacks) - (12:50)
  • Around Conceptions of Ability and its Impacts - (16:19)
  • Evidence for Promotion of Autonomy - (22:28)
  • Reasons for these Beneficial Directions - (26:08)
  • Examples About Locus of Focus - (27:34)
  • The Viccious and The Virtuous Cycle - (30:31)
  • Bringing in Flow and Automaticity - (31:30)
  • Authors Quotations - (35:01)
  • Conclusion and Suggestions - (38:19)

Sidenote:  In every data shared, the reference to the original paper is referenced in EWS written post between brackets. If you want to know more about those, or you can't find them online, reach out to us.



Music (Attribution under CC4.0 guidelines):

Intro & Outro Song: Lights (edited)

Artist: Sappheiros

Source: https://soundcloud.com/sappheirosmusic/lights

License: Creative Commons

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This episode is part of the FR series
'Fresh Research' Units from the Scientific Literature
EWS - Efficiently Work Sport
A podcast by Gonçalo Marques @EWS
Building Psychology for Optimization in Sports and Mental Health
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