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The Animal Farm Chronicles: Liberty, Equality, Betrayal

A Fairy Story

11 min / Published



The book Animal Farm by George Orwell is commonly studied in high school English classes and is generally considered suitable for students in grades 9 and above. However, it's important to note that the complexity and themes of the book may vary depending on the educational system and individual student's reading abilities.




Animal Farm is a satirical novel written by George Orwell and published in 1945. The story takes place on Manor Farm, where the animals rise up against their human owner, Mr. Jones, and establish a system of self-governance known as Animalism.


The book begins with Old Major, an old and wise boar, who urges the animals to overthrow their human oppressors and establish a society where all animals are equal. After his death, the animals, led by the pigs Napoleon and Snowball, successfully revolt and take control of the farm.


At first, Animal Farm prospers under the principles of Animalism, which promote equality and fairness. However, as time goes on, the pigs, led by Napoleon, gradually seize power and manipulate the other animals for their own benefit.


One of the key turning points occurs when Napoleon expels Snowball from the farm, blaming him for all their problems. With Snowball gone, Napoleon consolidates his power and becomes a tyrant. The principles of Animalism are slowly eroded, and the pigs start behaving like humans, walking on two legs and wearing clothes.


The animals work tirelessly, but their living conditions worsen, and they face constant propaganda and manipulation from Napoleon's regime. The original commandments of Animalism, written on the barn wall, are gradually changed to suit the pigs' desires. The most important commandment, "All animals are equal," is eventually altered to "All animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others."


As the novel progresses, the animals become disillusioned, realizing that their supposed liberation has turned into tyranny. They witness the pigs collaborating with humans and engaging in corrupt behavior. Despite their deteriorating conditions, the animals continue to believe in the ideals of Animalism but are unable to challenge the pigs' authority.


In the final scene, the animals observe the pigs and humans dining together, unable to differentiate between the two. The famous closing line, "The creatures outside looked from pig to man, and from man to pig, and from pig to man again; but already it was impossible to say which was which," signifies the complete transformation of the pigs into the very humans they once fought against.


Animal Farm is a powerful allegory that explores themes of power, corruption, and the dangers of totalitarianism. It serves as a critique of the Soviet Union and other authoritarian regimes, highlighting how revolutionary ideals can be corrupted by those in power.





Animal Farm, written by George Orwell, is a satirical allegorical novel published in 1945. It tells the story of a group of farm animals who overthrow their human farmer to establish an egalitarian society. However, as time passes, the pigs, who take on leadership roles, become corrupted and betray the ideals of the revolution. Animal Farm serves as a powerful critique of totalitarianism, authoritarianism, and the danger of political manipulation.


Theme of Power and Corruption:

One of the central themes in Animal Farm is the corrupting nature of power. The novel portrays how those in power often abuse it for personal gain, ultimately leading to a hierarchy and oppression similar to what they initially fought against. The pigs, led by Napoleon, gradually manipulate the other animals, rewrite history, and bend the original commandments to suit their needs. This corruption of power demonstrates Orwell's skepticism about any form of authority and highlights the potential dangers of unchecked leadership.


Allegory of the Russian Revolution:

Animal Farm is an allegorical representation of the events leading up to and following the Russian Revolution of 1917. The characters in the novel correspond to real-life figures from that period. For example, Old Major represents Karl Marx, while Napoleon represents Joseph Stalin. This allegorical approach allows Orwell to comment on the failures and betrayals of the revolution, emphasizing how the noble intentions of the initial uprising were distorted over time.


Manipulation of Language:

Throughout Animal Farm, Orwell explores the power of language and its ability to shape reality. The pigs use rhetoric and propaganda to control the thoughts and beliefs of the other animals. They revise the Seven Commandments to consolidate their power and repress dissent. The repeated phrase "All animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others" highlights the manipulation and distortion of language to justify inequality. Orwell's portrayal of language manipulation warns against the dangers of propaganda and the importance of critical thinking.


Critique of Totalitarianism:

Animal Farm serves as a scathing critique of totalitarian regimes. Orwell exposes the mechanisms by which dictators maintain control, including surveillance, indoctrination, and the suppression of dissent. The animals' gradual loss of freedom and their transformation into mere tools of production mirror the loss of individual liberty under oppressive governments. By portraying the animals' struggle against tyranny, the novel emphasizes the importance of preserving democratic values and resisting authoritarian rule.


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